Theo Angelopoulos’ “Trilogy of Borders” from the Perspective of Border Sociology


In this study, the films of Greek director Theo Angelopoulos, known as the border trilogy, The Suspended Step of the Stork (1991), Ulysses’ Gaze (1995) Eternity and a Day (1998), are discussed in the context of border sociology. Although many of his other films have been the subject of various academic studies, it has been observed that these films have not been studied in the context of sociology, especially border sociology. Especially today, the fact that borders, migration and refugees are increasingly encountered requires focusing on the border trilogy. In the study, the main themes in the trilogy were determined by considering the literature of border sociology. In this framework, many themes, from kinship communities divided by modern borders, to forms of border violence, from the living conditions of refugees to the perspective of host societies, have been identified and interpreted in the context of the relevant literature. As a result, in the border trilogy, we see how borders are tools of injustice, violence, exclusion, nationalist hatred and obstacles to living together. Therefore, we can say that Angelopoulos does not look at the border, the refugee and the foreigner from a nation-state or nation-community perspective.


Angelopoulos border trilogy sociology of borders refugee